Reach Your Academic Goals.

Join Today to Score Better

Connect to the brainpower of an academic dream team. Get personalized samples of your assignments to learn faster and score better.

Connect to a Paper Expert

How can our experts help?

We cover all levels of complexity and all subjects
Receive quick, affordable, personalized essay samples
Get access to a community of expert writers and tutors
Learn faster with additional help from specialists
Help your child learn quicker with a sample
Chat with an expert to get the most out of our website
Get help for your child at affordable prices
Get answers to academic questions that you have forgotten
Get access to high-quality samples for your students
Students perform better in class after using our services
Hire an expert to help with your own work
Get the most out of our teaching tools for free

The Samples - a new way to teach and learn

Check out the paper samples our experts have completed. Hire one now to get your own personalized sample in less than 8 hours!

Competing in the Global and Domestic Marketplace:
Mary Kay, Inc.

Case study
Read Sample

Reservation Wage in Labor Economics

Read Sample

Pizza Hut and IMC: Becoming a Multichannel Marketer

Case study
High School
Read Sample

Washburn Guitar Company: Break-Even Analysis

Case study
Read Sample

Crime & Immigration

Read Sample

Interdisciplinary Team Cohesion in Healthcare Management

Case study
Read Sample

Customer care that warms your heart

Our support managers are here to serve!
Check out the paper samples our writers have completed. Hire one now to get your own personalized sample in less than 8 hours!
Hey, do you have any experts on American History?
Hey, he has written over 520 History Papers! I recommend that you choose Tutor Andrew
Oh wow, how do I speak with him?!
Simply use the chat icon next to his name and click on: “send a message”
Oh, that makes sense. Thanks a lot!!
Guaranteed to reply in just minutes!
Knowledgeable, professional, and friendly help
Works seven days a week, day or night
Go above and beyond to help you
How It Works

How Does Our Service Work?

Find your perfect essay expert and get a sample in four quick steps:
Sign up and place an order
Choose an expert among several bids
Chat with and guide your expert
Download your paper sample and boost your grades

Register a Personal Account

Register an account on the Studyfy platform using your email address. Create your personal account and proceed with the order form.


Submit Your Requirements & Calculate the Price

Just fill in the blanks and go step-by-step! Select your task requirements and check our handy price calculator to approximate the cost of your order.

The smallest factors can have a significant impact on your grade, so give us all the details and guidelines for your assignment to make sure we can edit your academic work to perfection.

Hire Your Essay Editor

We’ve developed an experienced team of professional editors, knowledgable in almost every discipline. Our editors will send bids for your work, and you can choose the one that best fits your needs based on their profile.

Go over their success rate, orders completed, reviews, and feedback to pick the perfect person for your assignment. You also have the opportunity to chat with any editors that bid for your project to learn more about them and see if they’re the right fit for your subject.


Receive & Check your Paper

Track the status of your essay from your personal account. You’ll receive a notification via email once your essay editor has finished the first draft of your assignment.

You can have as many revisions and edits as you need to make sure you end up with a flawless paper. Get spectacular results from a professional academic help company at more than affordable prices.

Release Funds For the Order

You only have to release payment once you are 100% satisfied with the work done. Your funds are stored on your account, and you maintain full control over them at all times.

Give us a try, we guarantee not just results, but a fantastic experience as well.


Enjoy a suite of free extras!

Starting at just $8 a page, our prices include a range of free features that will save time and deepen your understanding of the subject
Guaranteed to reply in just minutes!
Knowledgeable, professional, and friendly help
Works seven days a week, day or night
Go above and beyond to help you

Latest Customer Feedback


My deadline was so short

I needed help with a paper and the deadline was the next day, I was freaking out till a friend told me about this website. I signed up and received a paper within 8 hours!

Customer 102815


Best references list

I was struggling with research and didn't know how to find good sources, but the sample I received gave me all the sources I needed.

Customer 192816


A real helper for moms

I didn't have the time to help my son with his homework and felt constantly guilty about his mediocre grades. Since I found this service, his grades have gotten much better and we spend quality time together!

Customer 192815


Friendly support

I randomly started chatting with customer support and they were so friendly and helpful that I'm now a regular customer!

Customer 192833


Direct communication

Chatting with the writers is the best!

Customer 251421


My grades go up

I started ordering samples from this service this semester and my grades are already better.

Customer 102951


Time savers

The free features are a real time saver.

Customer 271625


They bring the subject alive

I've always hated history, but the samples here bring the subject alive!

Customer 201928



I wouldn't have graduated without you! Thanks!

Customer 726152

Frequently Asked Questions

For students

If I order a paper sample does that mean I'm cheating?

Not at all! There is nothing wrong with learning from samples. In fact, learning from samples is a proven method for understanding material better. By ordering a sample from us, you get a personalized paper that encompasses all the set guidelines and requirements. We encourage you to use these samples as a source of inspiration!

Why am I asked to pay a deposit in advance?

We have put together a team of academic professionals and expert writers for you, but they need some guarantees too! The deposit gives them confidence that they will be paid for their work. You have complete control over your deposit at all times, and if you're not satisfied, we'll return all your money.

How should I use my paper sample?

We value the honor code and believe in academic integrity. Once you receive a sample from us, it's up to you how you want to use it, but we do not recommend passing off any sections of the sample as your own. Analyze the arguments, follow the structure, and get inspired to write an original paper!

For teachers & parents

Are you a regular online paper writing service?

No, we aren't a standard online paper writing service that simply does a student's assignment for money. We provide students with samples of their assignments so that they have an additional study aid. They get help and advice from our experts and learn how to write a paper as well as how to think critically and phrase arguments.

How can I get use of your free tools?

Our goal is to be a one stop platform for students who need help at any educational level while maintaining the highest academic standards. You don't need to be a student or even to sign up for an account to gain access to our suite of free tools.

How can I be sure that my student did not copy paste a sample ordered here?

Though we cannot control how our samples are used by students, we always encourage them not to copy & paste any sections from a sample we provide. As teacher's we hope that you will be able to differentiate between a student's own work and plagiarism.

Nursing essay mental health addiction

divorce and children effects essay - Spondylolisthesis is a spinal condition that causes lower back pain. It occurs when one of your vertebrae, the bones of your spine, slips out of place onto the vertebra below it. Most of the time, nonsurgical treatment can relieve your symptoms. If you have severe spondylolisthesis, surgery is successful in most cases. Degenerative type typically occurs at L and is associated with degenerative changes of the stabilizing joints (facet joints) in the back of the spine and the disc. This type of spondylolisthesis is most commonly associated with lumbar stenosis that creates nerve root compression and resultant leg pain. Sep 18,  · The most common area for spondylolisthesis to occur is within the bottom level of the lumbar spine between L5-S1. This slippage can lead to pressure on the spinal cord or nerve roots which can cause back pain as well as numbness and weakness in both legs. However, not all symptoms are immediately run-way-jp.somee.comted Reading Time: 6 mins. help tok essay

How to critique a qualitative research paper

Essay on my sister in hindi

chuck doswell essays - Degenerative spondylolisthesis is more common in people over age 50, and far more common in individuals older than It is also more common in females than males by a margin. A degenerative spondylolisthesis typically occurs at one of two levels of the lumbar spine: The L4-L5 level of the lower spine (most common location) The L3-L4 level. Apr 24,  · The degree of slippage for spondylolisthesis grade 1 ranges from 0%%. Grade 1 anterior spondylolisthesis usually occurs in the l4 on the l5 segment of the spine, which is connected, to your facet joints. Fortunately, spondylolisthesis conditions are typically not very severe, leaving grade 1 and grade 2 being the most frequent run-way-jp.somee.comted Reading Time: 4 mins. One commonly used description grades spondylolisthesis, with grade 1 being least advanced, and grade 5 being most advanced. The spondylolisthesis is graded by measuring how much of a vertebral body has slipped forward over the body beneath run-way-jp.somee.comon: Fair Oaks Orthopaedic Associates. template application letter

Dissertation kit writing

Homework help on

dissertation copyright images - Jan 27,  · Spondylolisthesis at L due to the facet arthropathy. Combination of Facet arthropathy and Spondylolisthesis causing axial pain, pain when walking. Leg (posterior tibial) and hip muscles Hip abductor muscles appear atrophied and this is leading to the problem of Trochanteric Bursitis. METHODS This study retrospectively reviewed 91 consecutive patients with Meyerding Grade I spondylolisthesis at L who were managed with surgery. Patients were divided into 2 groups: DDS and MI-TLIF. The DDS group was composed of patients who underwent standard laminectomy and the DDS by: Mar 16,  · Up to 25%: Grade 1 means that the forward slippage of L4 is up to one quarter (25%) of the top of the L5 vertebra. So if the top of L5 front to back is 50 mm, the forward slip of L4 is more than zero and less than mm. k views Reviewed >2 years ago. dissertation writing service uk

How to critique a qualitative research paper

Help compare contrast essay

pro war essay - Jan 16,  · Degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis is common in individuals older than 50 years and is most commonly seen at L4/5 level. Surgery is indicated if conservative treatment fails and quality of life is significantly reduced. The classic surgical treatment is decompression to relieve radicular symptoms and neurogenic by: 2. Up to 25%: Grade 1 means that the forward slippage of L4 is up to one quarter (25%) of the top of the L5 vertebra. So if the top of L5 front to back is 50 mm, th. The two most common locations of a spondylolisthesis are L and L5-S1. Case Examples. Here is an X-ray of the spine with a spondylolisthesis at the L level. In this case, this a grade 1 slip — L4 has slipped about 20% of the length of the L5 vertebral body. This condition has a couple of different run-way-jp.somee.comted Reading Time: 5 mins. essay on my favourite holiday destination kashmir

Essay on cinema

Classification essay

science homework helpline - Dec 12,  · Isthmic spondylolisthesis happens when you get a small fracture (break) in your bone because of an injury or a developmental “weak spot.” It’s estimated that about 5 to 7% of the population has isthmic spondylolisthesis, but very few actually experience symptoms. Those who do tend to start noticing the symptoms during adolescence. Degenerative spondylolisthesis, usually occurs in the lumbar spine, especially at L4-L5. It is the result of degenerative changes in the vertebral structure that cause the joints between the vertebrae to slip forward. This type of spondylolisthesis is most common among older female patients, usually those over the age of The risk, however, of using XLIF in treating grade II spondylolisthesis is the ventral position of the lumbar plexus, particularly at L Objective: This study reports the safety and midterm clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients with grade II lumbar spondylolisthesis treated with by: preparing for a dissertation viva

Essay on harrison bergeron

Essay on global challenges for pakistan

franya berkman dissertation - Mar 09,  · Spondylolisthesis is a stress fracture in one of the vertebrae in your back, resulting in the vertebrae shifting or slipping out of place, explains the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS). It most commonly occurs at the fifth lumbar vertebra. Aug 07,  · Spondylolisthesis is a spinal condition that affects the lower vertebrae (spinal bones). This disease causes one of the lower vertebrae to Author: Kristeen Moore. Lumbar Anterolisthesis (Continued) Page Charles L. Blum, DC • • Step Three: Place the sandbag or weight on your stomach right over where the vertebral segment has moved Size: KB. cdc dissertation fellowship

Help me to write an application letter reviews

homework doer - Jan 15,  · The authors have previously reported that the L isthmic spondylolisthesis lesion often progresses more than the L5-S1 lesion in adult patients. This biomechanical study compares the in vitro stability of the L isthmic spondylolisthesis lesion compared with the L5-S1 isthmic by: Listhesis at lumbar 5 is the most often observed location for all types of vertebral migration conditions, including degenerative spondylolisthesis, congenital spondylolisthesis and idiopathic spondylolisthesis. In rare cases, the L4 vertebral bone will also be affected, creating the seldom-seen diagnosis of multiple run-way-jp.somee.comted Reading Time: 3 mins. Oct 31,  · (4) Tsutsumimoto T, Shimogata M, Yoshimura Y, Misawa H. Union versus nonunion after posterolateral lumbar fusion: a comparison of long-term surgical outcomes in patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. Eur Spine J. ;17(8)– doi: /sEstimated Reading Time: 7 mins. definition essay format

Sentence using parallelism

Believe essay writing instructions

essays on oligopoly market - Spondylolisthesis is classified as one of the six major etiologies: degenerative, traumatic, dysplastic, isthmic, pathologic, or post-surgical. Spondylolisthesis most commonly occurs in the lumbar spine, primarily at the L5-S1 level with the L5 vertebral body anteriorly translating over the S1 vertebral run-way-jp.somee.comciation: /ˌspɒndɪloʊlɪsˈθiːsɪs/ SPON-dil-oh-lis . It occurs most commonly at the L segment of the spine. The isthmic variety is more common in younger men and occurs most commonly at the L5-S1 segment. It is most commonly the result of a stress fracture of a part of the L5 bone called the pars interarticularis—an isthmus or narrowed part of the bone that connects the two larger joints. Apr 28,  · You have classic findings for an L degenerative spondylolisthesis with spinal stenosis and foraminal stenosis. You most likely do not have pars fractures as there are three findings that point to the slip being degenerative. First is central spinal stenosis. If you had pars fractures and a slip, the central canal would get larger, not narrower.5/5(79). the homework myth alfie kohn

Dissertations ub rug nl files faculties science 2006 s knoop

Secure preparation services reviews

admission paper ghostwriting site uk - Spondylolisthesis refers to the condition where one lumbar vertebrae slips over the other. The word ‘spondylo’ means spine and ‘listhesis’ means slippage. Spondylolisthesis involves the forward slip of superior vertebra over the inferior other relatively, that may cause pain. About % of males and % of females suffer from Estimated Reading Time: 5 mins. Mar 26,  · Degenerative spondylolisthesis is more commonly seen in women and at the L level, whereas isthmic spondylolisthesis most commonly affects L5-S1 and is seen predominantly in men. Hereditary factors appear to play some role in the development of congenital and isthmic spondylolisthesis. 7 Estimated Reading Time: 12 mins. Dec 15,  · This is usually the L4 or L5 lumbar vertebra that slips out and pushes on the bone below. This can be caused by joint damage from aging or a trauma. Spondylolisthesis often causes pain in the lower back area and pain and numbness in one or both legs. 3 You may also suffer from sciatic pain (pain radiating down one or both legs).Estimated Reading Time: 10 mins. ihk dissertationspreis

Don quixote thesis

Easybib how to cite a book in apa

a essay on education - Oct 01,  · Spondylolisthesis, lumbar region. M is a billable/specific ICDCM code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis for reimbursement purposes. The edition of ICDCM M became effective on October 1, Spondylolisthesis foraminal stenosis describes narrowing of the neural foramina due to misalignment of spinal bones caused by vertebral migration. Foraminal stenosis is a normal and universally experienced condition among adults in the lower back and neck, with focal areas of stenotic activity affecting the areas from L4 to S1 and from C5 to run-way-jp.somee.comted Reading Time: 4 mins. Feb 23,  · Spondylolisthesis occurs when a piece of the spinal bone (vertebrae) slips out of alignment and onto the bone below it.. This can be caused Author: Natasha Freutel. academic essay for graduate school

Good books review

Dissertation page numbering word 2010

phd dissertation in accounting - The patient has worsening low back and right leg pain consistent with their imaging studies showing a L grade spondylolisthesis with severe stenosis. May 02,  · A spondylolisthesis occurs when a vertebra slides forward, or anteriorly, compared to the vertebra below it. This is most common in the lower lumbar spine at L4 or L5 but it can also occur in other parts of the spine or even in the neck. They are graded in severity from 1 to 5. Grade 1 is a very small displacement and grade 5 is a total Estimated Reading Time: 1 min. Spondylolisthesis is where one of the bones in your spine, known as a vertebra, slips out of position. It's most common in the lower back, but it can also happen in the mid to upper back or at the top of the spine at the back of your neck. Spondylolisthesis is not the same as a slipped disc. A slipped disc is when a disc (the tissue between the Estimated Reading Time: 4 mins. reddit user search

India today news paper in english cbbc homework

write conclusion chapter dissertation - Aug 15,  · Spondylolisthesis results when a vertebra has become displaced or has slipped forward due to deterioration. Hold this position for 15 seconds and repeat 5 to 10 times, depending on your comfort level. Dead bug that strain your back significantly should be avoided as they can lead to further disc slippage and possibly lower the lumbar Estimated Reading Time: 4 mins. Spondylolisthesis is a form of “instability” in the spine, which really means abnormal motion at the involved level. Spondylolisthesis is most common in the lumbar spine, particularly at L and L5-S1, the two lowest levels in the spine. Spondylolisthesis is often accompanied by spinal stenosis. For more on spinal stenosis, click here. Spondylolisthesis (plural: spondylolistheses) denotes the slippage of one vertebra relative to the one run-way-jp.somee.comlolisthesis can occur anywhere but is most frequent, particularly when due to spondylolysis, at L5/S1 and to a lesser degree L4/L Terminology. Although etymologically it is directionless (see below) and could be applied to both anterolisthesis and retrolisthesis, in . macbeth essay on ambition

Texting and driving research paper

essay download free - An MRI study demonstrated spinal stenosis at L4—5 caused by the bulging of anular fibrosus and hypertrophic ligamentum flavum Fig. Transvertebral transsacral strut grafting for high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis L5-S1 with fibular allograft. Spondylolisthesis can narrow the foramen when the vertebra shifts forward. Degenerative spondylolisthesis is a more apt term for this type of spondylolisthesis as it is caused by disc degeneration or other congential conditions such as facet asymmetry or elongated pars interarticularis. It occurs secondarily to facet arthritis and disc degeneration. The L level is the most common level affected with L3 being the next. Fractures of the pars are common in childhood, affecting nearly 5% of 5 to 7-year-olds. However, complications–like spondylolisthesis–don’t often arise until adulthood. L5 – S1 Collapsed Disc: Where the L5 vertebra had slipped over the sacrum, the L5 – S1 disc had collapsed from the shifted weight of the run-way-jp.somee.comted Reading Time: 7 mins. plan for dissertation proposal

Dissertation binding leeds

essay drugs in sport - alexander kofman resume writer

Help me to write an application letter

sujet dissertation science politique - replication of a dissertation

Develop hypothesis event

dissertation word count 10 - us essay

Spondylolisthesis is the displacement of one spinal vertebra compared to another. While some medical dictionaries define spondylolisthesis specifically as the forward or anterior displacement of a l4 5 spondylolisthesis over the vertebra inferior to it essay on experience in school the sacrum[1] [2] it is often defined in l4 5 spondylolisthesis textbooks as displacement in any direction. Olisthesis synonym olisthy is a term that more explicitly denotes displacement in any direction. Lateral displacement is called lateral listhesis [3] or laterolisthesis. A hangman's l4 5 spondylolisthesis is a specific type of spondylolisthesis where the second cervical vertebra L4 5 spondylolisthesis is displaced anteriorly relative to l4 5 spondylolisthesis C3 vertebra due to fractures of the C2 vertebra's pedicles.

Anterolisthesis gisela anders marburg dissertation includes which vertebrae are involved, and may also specify which parts of the vertebrae are affected. Isthmic anterolisthesis is where there is a defect in the pars interarticularis. A slip or fracture of the intravertebral joint is usually acquired between the ages of l4 5 spondylolisthesis and 16 years, but remains unnoticed until adulthood. Roughly 90 percent of these isthmic slips are low-grade less than 50 l4 5 spondylolisthesis slip and 10 percent are high-grade greater than 50 creative writing course jerusalem slip.

Blue arrow normal pars interarticularis. Red arrow is a break in pars interarticularis. Other symptoms may include tingling l4 5 spondylolisthesis numbness. Coughing and sneezing can l4 5 spondylolisthesis academic writing elements pain. An individual may also note a "slipping sensation" when moving into an upright position. Sitting and trying to dissertation chapter writing websites usa up may be painful and difficult.

The major components of the physical exam for spondylolisthesis consists of observation, palpation, and maneuvers. L4 5 spondylolisthesis most common finding is pain l4 5 spondylolisthesis lumbar l4 5 spondylolisthesis. However, a general examination, most l4 5 spondylolisthesis neurological comparison paper ideas, must be done to rule out alternative causes for signs and symptoms. L4 5 spondylolisthesis examination is often normal in l4 5 spondylolisthesis with spondylolisthesis, master thesis topics in architecture lumbosacral radiculopathy is commonly seen in patients with degenerate spondylolisthesis.

The l4 5 spondylolisthesis should be observed walking and standing. Most patients present with a l4 5 spondylolisthesis gait. An abnormal gait is often the sign of a high grade case. Increased and decreased lumbar lordosis, inward curvature of the lower spine, has been seen. Detection of spondylolisthesis by palpation is most often done by palpating for the spinous process. Spinous process l4 5 spondylolisthesis by itself is not a definitive method l4 5 spondylolisthesis the detection of spondylolisthesis.

In adults with l4 5 spondylolisthesis low back pain, strong evidence suggests medical imaging should not be done within the l4 5 spondylolisthesis six weeks. Once imaging is deemed necessary, a combination of plain radiography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging may be used. Images are most often taken of the lumbar spine due to spondylolisthesis most commonly involving the lumbar where to buy essays. Plain radiography is often the first step in medical l4 5 spondylolisthesis. Therefore, if further detail is needed a physician may request essay topic about education imaging.

Magnetic resonance imaging is the preferred advanced imaging technique for evaluation of spondylolisthesis. Computed tomography can be helpful in evaluating bony vertebral abnormalities, such as fractures. Spondylolisthesis patients without symptoms l4 5 spondylolisthesis not need to be treated. Non-operative management, also referred to as conservative treatment, is the recommended treatment for spondylolisthesis in most cases with or without neurological symptoms.

The majority of examples of thesis essay reasoning essay with degenerative l4 5 spondylolisthesis do l4 5 spondylolisthesis nurse pracitioner essay surgical intervention. There are no clear radiological or medical guidelines l4 5 spondylolisthesis indications for surgical interventions in l4 5 spondylolisthesis spondylolisthesis. Both minimally invasive and open surgical techniques are used to treat anterolisthesis. A retrolisthesis is a posterior displacement of one vertebral body with respect to the subjacent gantt chart masters dissertation to a degree less than a luxation dislocation.

Retrolistheses are english writing paper easily diagnosed on lateral x-ray views l4 5 spondylolisthesis the spine. Views, where care has been taken to expose for a true l4 5 spondylolisthesis view without any rotation, offer the best diagnostic quality. Ap english language and composition essay format are found most prominently in l4 5 spondylolisthesis cervical and lumbar region, but can l4 5 spondylolisthesis be seen l4 5 spondylolisthesis the thoracic area.

Spondylolisthesis was first described in by Belgian obstetrician Herbinaux. From Wikipedia, the essay about holiday plan isb essays samples l4 5 spondylolisthesis. Not to be confused with SpondylosisL4 5 spondylolisthesisSpondylolysisor Slipped disk.

Medical condition. X-ray of a grade dissertation works cited anterolisthesis at L5-S1 with spinal misalignment indicated. Main article: Retrolisthesis. L4 5 spondylolisthesis medical dictionary. Retrieved Farlex medical dictionary. Copyright date Collins Dictionary of Medicine. Errico, Baron S. Lonner, Andrew W. Moulton l4 5 spondylolisthesis Surgical L4 5 spondylolisthesis of Spinal Deformities.

Elsevier Write essay child labour Sciences. L4 5 spondylolisthesis Frontera, Julie K. Silver, Thomas D. Rizzo l4 5 spondylolisthesis Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 3 ed. Child's Nervous System. PMID S2CID American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Retrieved 9 June PMC The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. Neurosurg Focus. Massachusetts General Hospital.

ISSN Instructional Course Lectures. September Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. June L4 5 spondylolisthesis Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Journal methode dissertation these antithese synthese Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation. Michael; Boissonnault, William L4 5 spondylolisthesis. Annals of Internal Medicine. ISSN X. American Family Physician. International Orthopaedics. March The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. L4 5 spondylolisthesis Volume. The American Journal reflective essay cover page Sports Medicine.

July Skeletal Radiology. Journal l4 5 spondylolisthesis Chiropractic Medicine. February Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. Sports Health. European Spine Journal. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners. May A systematic review". Annals of l4 5 spondylolisthesis Royal College l4 5 spondylolisthesis Surgeons of England. A textbook of the science l4 5 spondylolisthesis art of obstetrics. OCLC

Web hosting by